This period saw a dramatic change in the racial makeup of the city, where the white population is falling from 59% to 54%.

White Flight & Suburbanization

Gavin Lee, Philip Wilson, Chang Liu

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is White Flight?

St. Louis, Mo. City lost more than a quarter of its population within 1970 and 1980.

This period saw a dramatic change in the racial makeup of the city, where the white population is falling from 59% to 54%.

However, the population of the African-American rose from 41% to 46%.

The main reason behind the changes in population was the fact that both the white and the black residents moved out of the city. However, the white residents moved out faster than black residents.

This movement of the white individuals during the 1970s was termed as the white flight, which is a description of the white people leaving the inner city, neighborhoods, and suburbs as the black people began moving in.

 

 

 

Suburbanization in Chicago

Several factors contributed to the growth of suburbs in the 1950s, which include the increase in living standards, outstripped inflation, and the presence of low-cost mortgages in Chicago.

Shortage of housing in Chicago forced people to move outside in search of comfort zones.

Widespread in the presence of vehicles caused living away from subways or streetcar lines a viable possibility.

Suburb exodus came about due to the innovations in home construction, which reduced the cost of an average house to an affordable level.

Suburbanization was primarily a white phenomenal during the 1950s.

 

 

 

Belmont Cragin

It is located in the Northwest region of Chicago and designated Community Area 19.

It has a population of approximately 79,159 people.

The community is built on industry and commerce.

The availability of railroads in the region attracted workers and industrialization in the area.

A large percentage of residents own their homes as living in this community provides an urban feeling.

 

 

 

Development

1883: Belt Railway Company managed to extend its services as plants developed in the new neighborhood.

1891: significant companies such as Kerr & Company Iron Works, Rice, and Bullen Malting Company, Pitts Agricultural Works Warehouse, and Westinghouse attracted more individuals.

1992: W. F Hall Printing Company established a plant.

1940: construction of Belmont-Central with several stores, children’s playground, and a parking lot.

1995: Hall Printing with other plants were shut down

1980: a decline in manufacturing employment and retail activity.

 

 

 

Austin

Chicago, IL

One of seventy-seven designated communities in Chicago

Location: West side

Neighborhoods: Galewood, The Island, North Austin, South Austin

 

 

 

Development

1835-Henry DeKoven purchases land

1857-citizens form Town of Cicero

1865-Henry Austin buys DeKoven’s land

1870-The Town of Cicero decides to put town hall in Austin

 

 

 

Neighborhood Growth

Continued creation of its own suburban identity

1926-Area had an estimated 140,000 residents

 

 

 

 

 

White Flight/Decline

Post WWII-African Americans began moving into surrounding areas

1965-African Americans begin inhabiting Austin

1970-Austin population now 32% black

1980-Rises to 73% black

 

 

 

 

21st Century

Development continues

Developers turn abandoned Galewood rail yard into an industrial park

New homes/businesses

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